What is commercial bank?
A commercial bank is a financial institution that provides banking services to businesses and individuals, including lending, deposit-taking, financial advice, and providing payment services. They offer a wide range of services to their customers ranging from chequing and savings accounts to investment management and mortgage services.
The function of Commercial Bank
Commercial banks in India have several important functions to play in the modern economy. They are a key source of finance for businesses, large and small, as well as for individuals requiring loans for any number of purposes such as purchasing homes or automobiles, funding travel expenses, or paying for education.
Commercial banks provide financial services such as savings accounts, current accounts, fixed deposits, loans (both secured and unsecured), mortgages, etc., which enable customers to manage their finances more efficiently and grow their wealth over time.
In addition to providing financial services for individuals and companies alike, commercial banks also act as brokers that facilitate transactions between buyers and sellers by providing payment services such as debit cards and direct deposit transfers from one bank account to another within India or internationally.
Moreover, commercial banks in India also provide various other services such as insurance policies that cover death benefits, health care insurance plans, and pension plans designed to secure one’s future.
Types of Commercial Bank
Commercial banks are an essential component of the financial system and play a crucial role in providing services to people and businesses. There are three types of commercial banks: public sector banks, private sector banks, and foreign banks.
Public sector banks are owned by the government with a major portion of their shares held by the government. These banks provide services such as loans and credit options for individuals, mortgages for home buyers, small business loans for entrepreneurs, investment options for people to save money, and more.
Private sector banks are owned by private investors rather than governments, often providing more innovative and specialized services. Private sector banks confine their activities mostly to the bigger cities where they offer exclusive services with specialized benefits like loan schemes for businessmen.
Foreign banks are financial institutions that operate outside of their countries of origin. They provide a wide range of services including retail banking, commercial banking, investment banking, and asset management to customers from around the world.
All these types of commercial banks contribute significantly towards economic development in the country by facilitating the flow of credit at reasonable rates to various sections of society for agricultural production, industry growth, etc.