What is Inherent Risk?
Inherent risk is the risk of a potential loss resulting from exposure to specific variables, such as financial statements or news reports, existing within an individual’s or organization’s environment, without any additional controls. Inherent risk is the level of risk present in an entity or activity prior to implementing any mitigating activities.
How inherent risk arises?
Inherent risk may arise due to numerous factors, including but not limited to the size and complexity of an organization, its business model and operations, its internal control environment, external economic conditions and changes in regulatory requirements. Additionally, inherent risks may vary across entities depending on market forces and employee judgment which often result in certain types of activities being more prone to certain types of risks.
How inherent risk is measured and managed?
Organizations can use various methods and techniques to identify and measure inherent risk including threat modeling simulations and scenario analysis. They should focus on understanding the potential sources of losses and how they can be managed effectively while still achieving desired goals and objectives without compromising operations or compliance requirements.
Organizations should also have a clear understanding of their risk appetite; the maximum amount of loss they are willing to take before taking mitigating action. Ultimately, when assessing inherent risk it is essential that organizations consider both qualitative and quantitative aspects when making decisions on how best to manage it.